主办单位：中国科学院数学与系统科学研究院
资助单位：华罗庚数学中心
组 织 者：张晓、吴小宁
会议地点：北京 中国科学院
数学与系统科学研究院南楼、国科大怀柔校区
会议时间：2017.7.217.26
会议地点：7.217.22数学院南楼二层N202、N204
7.237.26国科大怀柔西校区教一楼113
会议日程安排：
日期 
时间 
报告人 

7月21日 （星期五） 

08:3009:30 
注册 
主持人：张 晓 地 点：N202 
09:3010:30 
于 品 

10:4511:45 
杨诗武 

午 餐 

主持人：于 品 地 点：N204 
14:0015:00 
刘保平 

15:1516:15 
黎俊彬 

茶 点 

16:4517:45 
王耀华 

7月22日 （星期六） 
主持人：谢纳庆 地 点：N202 
09:3010:30 
王成波 
10:4511:45 
马 跃 

午 餐 

主持人：吴小宁 地 点：N202 
14:0015:00 
魏昌华 

15:1516:15 
王金花 

茶 点 

16:4517:45 
韦东奕 

7月23日 （星期日） 
8：30数学院南楼前上车去怀柔校区， 下午自由讨论 

7月24日 （星期一） 
主持人：王成波 地点：教一113 
09:3010:30 
谢纳庆 
10:4511:45 
王 芳 

午 餐 

主持人：杨诗武 地点：教一113 
14:0015:00 
沈伟明 

15:1516:15 
金 亮 

茶 点 

16:4517:45 
谢方泉 

7月25日 （星期二） 
主持人：马 跃 地点：教一113 
09:3010:30 
何孝凯 
10:4511:45 
张 林 

午 餐 

主持人：黎俊彬 地点：教一113 
14:0015:00 
查冬兵 

15:1516:15 
吴小宁 

7月26日 （星期三） 
自由讨论及返程 
会议报告和摘要
2017年7月21日（星期五）：
1、报告人：于品（清华大学）
题 目：The geometric aspect of shock formations
摘 要：We will present the geometric description of shock formations for 3D quasilinear wave equations. In particular, we show that how smooth solutions break down in finite time. This is a joint work with Shuang Miao (EPFL).
2、报告人：杨诗武（北京大学）
题 目：Dynamical black holes with prescribed masses in spherical symmetry
摘 要：In this talk, I will review our recent work on a construction of spherically symmetric global solution to the Einstein–scalar field system with large bounded variation norms and large Bondi masses. We show that similar ideas, together with Christodoulou's short pulse method, allow us to prove the following result: Given M_i greater or equal to M_f, there exists a spherically symmetric (black hole) solution to the Einstein scalar field system such that up to an error, the initial Bondi mass is M_i and the final Bondi mass is M_f. Moreover, if one assumes a continuity property of the final Bondi mass (which in principle follows from known techniques in the literature), then for any M_i>M_f, this result holds without the error loss. This is the joint work with Jonathan Luk and Sungjin Oh.
3、报告人：刘保平（北京大学）
题 目：Center stable manifold for nonlinear wave equation with potential
摘 要：In this talk, we consider the defocusing energy critical wave equation with a trapping potential. When the potential decays fast enough, it is easy to show that all finite energy solutions exist globally, hence our main interest is to describe the long time dynamics. In the radial case, our previous works gave a complete answer and we were able to classify all the long time dynamics. Here we partly extend previous result to the nonradial case, and show that the set of initial data for which solutions scatter to an unstable excited state forms a finite codimensional path connected C^1 manifold in the energy space. This gives us a betterunderstanding of the nongeneric behavior of solutions, with the generic behavior left as an open problem. This talk is based on joint works with Hao Jia, Wilhelm Schlag and Guixiang Xu.
4、报告人：黎俊彬（中山大学）
题 目：Instability of spherical naked singularities of a scalar field under gravitational perturbations
摘 要：It was proven by Christodoulou that in spherical symmetric solutions of the Einstein equations coupled with a massless scalar field, the naked singularities are instable, in the sense that the space of the initial data leading to the formation of naked singularities is of codimension at least one. According to the proof of this theorem, we consider the following characteristic initial data problem of Einsteinscalar field equations: Let e be a singularity whose causal past is spherically symmetric and Ce be the boundary of the causal past, and C0 be the outgoing boundary of the causal future of some spherical section of Ce . The initial data is given on C0 and Ce and in particular the data on C0 is arbitrary with no symmetries assumed. We prove that if the initial shear tensor on C0 satisfies some additional condition, then the future development has a sequence of closed trapped surfaces approaching e, so that we may say e is not naked. We can find a space of initial shear tensors on C0 such that the subspace of initial shear tensors not satisfying the additional condition is of codimension at least 1. So in some certain sense, we may say a spherical naked singularity is not stable under gravitational perturbations. This work is joint with Jue Liu.
5、报告人：王耀华（河南大学）
题 目：Dirac equation in nonextreme KerrNewmanAdS spacetime
摘 要：In nonextreme KerrNewmanAdS spacetime, we prove that there is no nontrivial Dirac particle which is L^p for some p outside and away from the event horizon. In particular, the normalizable massive Dirac particle with mass greater than Q+ κ/2 must either disappear into the black hole or escape to infinity. Furthermore, we prove that any Dirac particle with eigenvalue λ <κ/2 must be L^2 outside and away from the event horizon.
2017年7月22日（星期六）：
6、报告人：王成波（浙江大学）
题 目：Fractional derivatives of composite functions and the Cauchy problem for the nonlinear half wave equation
摘 要：In this talk, we will present some new results of well posedness for the Cauchy problem for the half wave equation with powertype nonlinear terms. It is a joint work with Kunio Hidano.
7、报告人：马跃（西安交通大学）
题 目：WaveKleinGordon Model for Einsteinmassive scalar field system
摘 要：The global nonlinear stability of Minkowski space has attracted lots of attention of the mathematicians. After the pioneer work of S.Klainerman and I. Rodnianski, People have made lots of effort and established similar results in various context. In this talk we are especially interested in the case where the gravitational field is coupled with a massive scalar field. We will formulate a simple but not trivial system to show a series of analytical tools including the hierarchy of energy bounds, the supnorm estimates of KleinGordon equations in curved background metric, the secondary bootstrap argument etc.
8、报告人：魏昌华 (浙江理工大学)
题 目：Classical solutions to the relativistic Euler equations for a linearly degenerate equation of state
摘 要：In this talk, I will introduce our recent results on the classical solutions of the Cauchy problem to the relativistic Euler equations for a linearly degenerate equation of state. I will show the relationship between the conditions “linearly degenerate” and “null condition” of the wave equation under suitable assumptions. Based on this, we mainly show the global existence of the 3D radial solution to the relativistic Euler equations. I will also introduce the blowup mechanism for 22 system when the initial data is large. These works are inspired by a conjecture of Majda on symmetric hyperbolic systems with totally linearly degenerate characteristics.
9、报告人：王金花（厦门大学）
题 目：Global smooth solutions to relativistic membrane equations with large data摘 要：This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem for the relativistic membrane equation (RME) embedded in $\mathbb R^{1+(1+n)}$ with $n=2, 3$. We show that the RME with a class of large data (in energy norm) admits a uniquely global and smooth solution. The data is indeed given by the short plus type, which is introduced by Christodoulou in his work on formation of black holes. In particular, we construct two multiplier vector fields adapted to the membrane geometry and present an effective way for proving the global existence of quasilinear wave equations with double null structure. This work generalize the results of Miao, Pei and Yu on the semilinear wave equation to the quasilinear case. This is joint work with Changhua Wei.
10、报告人：韦东奕（北京大学）
题 目：Uniqueness of the Mean Field Equation and Rigidity of Hawking Mass
摘 要：In this paper, we prove that the even solution of the mean field equation $\Delta u=\lambda (1e^u) $ on $S^2$ must be axially symmetric when $4<\lambda \leq 8$. In particular, zero is the only even solution for $\lambda=6$. This implies the rigidity of Hawking mass for stable constant mean curvature (CMC) sphere with even symmetry.
2017年7月24日（星期一）：
11、报告人：谢纳庆（复旦大学）
题 目：Toroidal marginally outer trapped surfaces in the closed FriedmannLemaitre RobertsonWalker universe
摘 要：We explicitly construct toroidal MOTS in the closed FLRW universe. This construction is used to assess the quality of certain isoperimetric inequalities recently proved in axial symmetry. We also show that these constructed toroidal MOTS are unstable. This talk is based on a joint work with Patryk Mach.
12、报告人：王芳（上海交通大学）
题 目：A class of solutions to the constraint equations
摘 要：In this talk, I will study a class of solutions to the constraint equations, which is close to the Euclidean space in the asymptotic sense, as well as the space structure of this solution set.
13、报告人：沈伟明（北京大学）
题 目：On The Negativity of Ricci Curvatures of Complete Conformal Metrics
摘 要：A version of the singular Yamabe problem in bounded domains yields complete conformal metrics with negative constant scalar curvatures. In this talk, I will disscuss whether these metrics have negative Ricci curvatures. We will provide a general construction of domains in compact manifolds and demonstrate that the negativity of Ricci curvatures does not hold if the boundary is close to certain sets of low dimension. The expansion of the Green's function and the positive mass theorem play essential roles in certain cases. On the other hand, we prove that these metrics indeed have negative Ricci curvatures in bounded convex domains in the Euclidean space.
14、报告人：金亮（中科院数学所）
题 目：Wellposedness and regularity of viscosity solution to nonmonotone weakly coupled system of evolutionary HamiltonJacobi equations
摘 要：In this talk, we will present a wellposedness result of the viscosity solution to Cauchy problem of certain nonmonotone weakly coupled systems of first order evolutionary HamiltonJacobi equations. Moreover, for a typical model problem, we obtain the locally Lipschitz continuity of the viscosity solution and a series of corollaries from this property. This talk is based on a joint work with Lin Wang and Jun Yan.
15、报告人：谢方泉（中科院数学所）
题 目：Peeling property of BondiSachs metrics for nonzero cosmological constant
摘 要：We show that the peeling property still holds for BondiSachs metrics with nonzero cosmological constant under the new boundary condition which satisfies the Sommerfeld's radiation condition. This should indicate the new boundary condition is natural. Moreover, we construct some nontrivial vacuum BondiSachs metrics without the Bondi news, which gives a new feature of gravitational waves for nonzero cosmological constant. This is a joint work with Xiao Zhang.
2017年7月25日（星期二）：
16、报告人：何孝凯（湖南第一师范学院）
题 目：Relationship between BS quantities and source of gravitational radiation in asymptotically de Sitter spacetime
摘 要：Gravitational radiation plays an important role in astrophysics. Based on the fact that our universe is expanding, the gravitational radiation when a positive cosmological constant is presented has been studied along with two different ways recently, one is the BondiSachs (BS) framework in which the result is shown by BS quantities in the asymptotic null structure, the other is the perturbation approach in which the result is presented by the quadrupoles of source. Therefore, it is worth to interpret the quantities in asymptotic null structure in terms of the information of the source. In this talk, we will discuss this problem and show the explicit expressions of BS quantities in terms of the quadrupoles of source in asymptotically de Sitter spacetime.
17、报告人：张林（北京大学）
题 目：Radiation Field of General Linear Wave Equations
摘 要：In this talk, we consider the NullTimelike Problem and Radiation field of the linear wave equations with that the metric is asymptotically flat in BondiSachs coordinate. This is joint work with Professor Qing Han.
18、报告人：查冬兵（东华大学）
题 目：Some results on nonlinear elastic waves
摘 要：In this talk, I will give some results and their brief proof for compressible nonlinear elastic waves. In the 3D case, some spacetime L^2 estimates of KeelSmithSogge type are established for perturbed linear elastic waves. In the 2D case, based on the variational structural of nonlinear elastic waves, some null conditions are introduced using Zhou's suggestion. Under the null condition and the radial symmetry assumption on the initial data, global existence of small smooth solutions are proved for the Cauchy problem and exterior problem.
19、报告人：吴小宁（中科院数学所）
题 目：Memory effect and soft theorem
摘 要：Soft theorem is an important theoretical result in quantum field theory. In 2014, Strominger and his colleague related this theorem with the famous gravitational effect based on the Gauge/gravity duality. We present a new type of electromagnetic memory. It is a `magnetic' type, or B mode, radiation memory effect. Rather than a residual velocity, we find a position displacement of a charged particle induced by the B mode radiation with memory. Our result show that Strominger's conjecture should be right up to second order.
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